Brief History of Mongolia


The Mongols have long prehistory and most remarkable history. The Huns, a people who lived in Central Asia from the 3rd to the 1st century BCE, may have been ancestors of Mongolia. The Huns were a nomadic people and according to European historical documents, they were first reported living east of the Volga River, in an area that was part of Scythia at the time; the Huns' arrival is associated with the migration westward of an Iranian people, the Alans. By 370 AD, the Huns had arrived on the Volga, and by 430 the Huns had established a vast, if short-lived, dominion in Europe, conquering the Goths and many other Germanic peoples living outside of Roman borders, and causing many others to flee into Roman territory. The Huns, especially under their King Attila, made frequent and devastating raids into the Eastern Roman Empire. After Atilla's death, the Huns ceased to be a major threat to Romans and the empire slowly disbanded into different tribes living across Asia and some parts of Europe.


12th-century Mongolia was characterized by the rivalry between many <